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Country facts

Country name: Internationally: Japan, local: Nihon / Nippon,
Capital: Tokyo

National holiday: 
Birthday of H.I.H. Emperor AKIHITO, 23 December (1933)

660 B.C. (traditional founding by Emperor JIMMU)

Total area:
377,835 sq km (incl. water area 3,091 sq km)

Japanese Government

Government type: Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
Chief of state: Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 January 1989)
Head of government: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (since 26 December 2012)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
Elections: Diet (Kokkai), the national parliament of Japan, designates prime minister; constitution requires that prime minister commands parliamentary majority; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition in House of Representatives usually becomes prime minister; monarch is hereditary.


Language: Japanese
Population: 127,177,597 (July 2018)

Life expectancy at birth: Male: 81 years , Female: 87 years,
Suffrage: 20 years

Shintoism; 83,9%
Buddhism; 71,4%
Other 7,8%
Christian 2%)

(Note:  total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism)


Japan has 426 islands that are inhabited and 6,852 islands in total.

The four major islands of the Japanese archipelago are:
Honshu (230.000 sq. km) – the main island with the capital Tokyo
Hokkaido (78.500 sq. km) –situated north of Honshu
Kyushu (44.000 sq. km) – situated at the south western tip of Honshu
Shikoku (18.800 sq. km) – situated south of Honshu, east of Kyushu

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